14 april 2019
+

Cinfães


Municipality of CINFÃES

Cinfães is a territory with a multisecular foundation, with the 1st Foral granted by D. Manuel I - o Venturoso, on the date of May 1, 1513. However, the history is even more comprehensive, reaching about 5 millennia the Pre-Celtic peoples of the Neolithic and Chalcolithic period, as it is proved by the set of megalithic monuments of the monte de S. Pedro - in Tendais: mamoas, cistas and dolmens of various styles and sizes. In the first century BC, Romans arrived and for a hundred years they battled the Celtiberians, and after conquest marked the territory with Romanized civilizations such as Monte das Coroas - in Ferreiros.

The settlements evolved parallel to the development of the Middle Ages and, for centuries, Cinfães underwent transformations directly associated with the orders of the Church. The space of the village of Cinfães, S. Cristóvão de Nogueira and Tarouquela, with heavily productive lands, constantly appear in documents of the Cathedral of Lamego, already from the XII century.
Also from here came D. Egas Moniz – the Servant, as Lord of Ribadouro; and through these lands passed D. Afonso Henriques - 1st King of Portugal, who divided his childhood between Cosconhe - Santiago de Piães and Cárquere - Resende. 

 



In the near future, the conditions of navigability of the Douro River and the important location of Porto Antigo - in Oliveira do Douro, along with the liberalization of agricultural production, have brought more and more masters to the territory and, between powerful families and good workers, was born in the XIX, Alexandre Serpa Pinto. From here he went out to discover and inventory Africa, and here he returned to pass the knowledge to the World.

The Montemuro Mountain became a space of excellence for the cattle of the Arouquesa breed and the humid meadows of the slopes were painted with the most diverse agricultural products. These groups constitute, today, a totally green landscape, marked by the fields cut with the granite of the mountain range and that, with time, transformed villages like Vale de Papas, Aveloso and Gralheira, in thematic places.

The Valley of the Bestança - in Tendais and Ferreiros, and the Valley of the Ardena - in Nespereira, which accompany the Rivers of the same name, receive the streams from the mountain that, for years, were used by the water mills that made flour and shaped the linen. Today, they are typically rural points that, in spaces full of pedestrian paths, complement the unique biodiversity of the corners protected from invasion. They are also strong ethnographic destinations, with the most diverse cultural and handicrafts  traditions.

The wine market is also a focus of expansion, especially in the areas of Souselo, Travanca and Moimenta, with fruity green wines that accompany and delight the most diverse dishes of the local gastronomy. 
For all that is associated with it, Cinfães is, as the poet says: 
"The pleasant region where in favors the Gods have endeavored." 
(João Saraiva)